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Animal Languages

Animals to communicate with humans use animal language. The animal language is a modified version of early human language itself only that animals lack complexity and are less expressive. Great ape language is a means to communicate among apes such as bonobos, orangutans, chimpanzees, and gorillas. Humans communicate with these animals using sign language, lexigrams, yerkish and physical tokens. Jacques Vauclair, Francine Patterson and David Premack are well-known researchers in great ape language.

Humans have used sign language since a very long time. One of the important sign language used by humans is American Sign Language. Animals also use signs to express their feelings and for communication sake. Vocabulary words have been taken from American Sign Language to communicate with the apes. Lexigrams are symbols, which represent something. The symbols are laid down on a flat board called the lexigram board. The lexigram board has three panels with three hundred and eighty four keys. These boards are especially used to communicate with chimpanzees and bonobos. Yerkish also involves a keyboard with punch keys, which have the lexigram symbols. It is actually an artificial language. Computer keyboards are also used to aid animals as most of them can be easily trained for keyboard operation.

Plastic tokens are also used for communication with apes. The apes select a specific token when they want to communicate something. The animal is given training to select the right token. Tokens have symbols or pictures. Not all the apes learn this method of communication properly. During the training, the animal is made to learn by rewarding them upon an achievement.

Although animals lack vocal cords and speech organs like humans, some animals have vocals of their own. Wild apes are known to talk to each other to make the other aware of a possible danger. Animal language does not have discreteness like human languages. In human languages, discrete units are combined together to make a new word with a meaning. So signs or sounds, in animal language, cannot be combined to form another sign or sound, which means something. But researchers have proved it that the animal language does meet certain requirements. But the validity is still disputed upon by many and that is the reason why animal language hasn’t been given the status of a true language.

People have questioned the practice of great ape language. The researchers try to understand whether the usage of this language aid the animals to solve the problem better. Also, whether the teaching experiences with a primate can be of use when human children are taught. This is because, there is without doubt a difference in the ability of the animal and a human, while they may be similar at some level. Some say that the apes do not actually understand the language, but instead do a clever trick to get a reward. Also some researches say that the signed gesture do not make a grammatically right sentence. The arbitrariness is sometimes missing, that is, there is no clear relationship between the signs or sounds.

Many animals have behaviors, which is similar what we speak. They can understand the language, they can also use it to reflect their thoughts and communicate with a human. Other than primates, animals such as sea lions and dolphins also use sign language and vocals to communicate with human.

5 Simple Tips to Groom Your Pet and Save a Few Bills

Are you on a tight budget and still you want a grooming session for your dog? Then shed your worries here as there are a few dog grooming tips to follow to groom your furry kid and save money. Every pet parent must have faced this situation and this is not the worst situation. Since grooming charges are too high, it is better that you learn some basic steps to groom your pet at home, especially if you have a large pug family. With these few simple tips, you can do a great job as well as can pamper your dog giving a spa like treat.

Brush

Every grooming session needs to be started by brushing. With the help of a dog comb gently remove all debris and untangle the hair, also find all hair knots that need to cut off. Through brushing, you will come to know that which part of your dog body requires more attention. Like hair on the belly, rather than hair on their head and legs. Moreover, many dogs have more hair around the ears.

It is also crucial to find a perfect brush according to your pet’s requirement because long hair requires special brushes that detangles easily. Even the thick hair requires the brush that can move through it effortlessly, and helps in easy brushing and detangling hair. Ensure that you are not harsh on your pet. Gently comb through his hair.

Bathe

After brushing your pet, the next in the grooming session comes bathing. Numerous dog shampoos are available in the market. In case, if your pet has fleas, select Fido’s flea shampoo, which is very much helpful in both cleaning the pet and removing the fleas. If your dog is allergic to any chemical, you need to check for the ingredients on that pet shampoo bottle before using it on your pet.

Bathe your furry pal in a lukewarm water. Make sure that the water is not too hot as it may burn your pooch. While bathing take care that the water and shampoo does not go into his eyes, ears and mouth. After shampoo, use pet conditioner on your pooch. This enhances his coat sheen and leaves the hair silky. After washing and conditioning, pat dry your dog with the help of clean towel. Get a proper dog towel for your lovable four-pawed companion.

Use Special Grooming Scissors

Never try your hand on your furry pal, if you are not handy with scissors because it is quite risky. You may even hurt your pet. Better to take him to a professional groomer to do the job. If you have a little bit of experience, then get a pair of special grooming scissors. Never work out with general scissors. You can buy a pair of grooming scissors from a store or any online pet store. While cutting be careful around the eyes, ears, belly, bottom, toes and other tender regions.

Clean the Mess

If you don’t want that dog hair on your furniture, sticking to your clothes, on the carpet or flying around the house, just clean the mess after you have finished cutting the hair. This may seem quite obvious, but most often pet parents forget about this and walk through the hair taking it all around the house.

Reward

Every dog trainer and experienced groomer know that a small treat after the job done is well appreciated by a furry pal. Giving a treat after a grooming session will encourage them to remain calm and love the bath time. A hug or a kiss, or any of their favorite treat will tell them that they have done a great job.