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NGO: Knowing the Key Roles of Non-governmental Organization in the Society A non-governmental organization or NGO is an independent and non-profit organization that is usually funded by donations and run by volunteers. Non-government organizations are also called as community agencies or non-profits, which provide different activities and services at different levels of the justice system. A non-governmental organization is consists of volunteers and voluntary boards of directors, working together in delivering different programs such as health campaigns, social awareness, environmental protection and equality. Other non-governmental organizations deal with public education regarding social policy issues relating to the development of safe and empowered communities. Some non-governmental organizations directly work with the criminal justice system such as witnesses, victims, and offenders and the activities and services may include counseling and information dissemination of victims, giving assistance in obtaining pardons, creating victim-offender mediation programs, or supervising the release of offenders. Some community agencies are involved in providing support and services to children, parents, spouses and extended families involved in divorce or family law courts. The volunteers and leaders of non-government organizations come from various sectors of the society, mostly are private individuals, groups and companies which include students, social workers, educators, entrepreneurs, healthcare professionals, women and child welfare workers, athletes, lawyers, environment enthusiasts, and celebrities. When it comes to the type of non-government organizations, they are categorized as charitable orientation, service orientation, participatory orientation and empowering orientation. Charitable orientation includes activities and programs that are directed to meeting the needs of poor people, and these are funded by donations without too much participation from the beneficiaries. Service orientation includes non-government organization programs and activities that include family planning, provision of healthcare services, legal services, and education services, where people are expected to participate in its implementation. Self-help projects are what participatory orientation NGO’s does that allow local people to be involved in the implementation of the project through contribution of materials, tools, land, labor, cash, etc. Empowering orientation helps poor people to develop a clear understanding of the economic, political and social factors affecting their lives, strengthening their awareness and developing their talents and skills to be able to take full control of their lives.
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By the level of operations, non-government organizations are also categorized as community-based organizations, city-wide organizations, national non-governmental organizations, and international NGOs. Community-based organizations usually arise from people’s initiatives, to raise the consciousness of the urban poor and help them in understanding their rights to access needed services and provision of those services. City-wide organizations include coalitions of business, chambers of industry and commerce, educational or ethnic groups, and associations of different community organizations. Feel free to view our website for more details about non-government organizations.The Key Elements of Great Businesses